China’s land drops off in the escarpments eastward to the ocean, letting in humid air currents and leading many rivers eastward. Among the rivers totaling 220,000 kilometers in length in China, the Yangtze and the Yellow are the two major ones.
China has a diversity of land formations including mountains, hills, highlands, plains and basins. The highlands and hill regions account for 65 percent of the country’s land mass. The highest mountain peak is Qomolangma (Everest), 8,848 meters above sea level; the lowest point is the Turpan Basin, 154 meters below sea level.