The ancient city of Luoyang, located along the southern banks of the middle reaches of the Yellow River, is one of the seven ancient capitals of China. More than 70 rulers of nine different dynasties kept their capitals here; hence the name “Capital of Nine Dynasties.” In addition to many places of interest, Luoyang takes pride in its peonies. Every April, the city’s Peony Show attracts numerous visitors from home and abroad. Luoyang is also famous for its three-colored glazed pottery, bronze ware, and palace lanterns.
The Longmen Grottoes
The Longmen Grottoes were built in the year 494 during the Northern Wei Dynasty. The Longmen Grottoes are one of China’s three leading treasure houses of grotto art, with over 2,100 grottoes. The grottoes are located on the southern outskirts of Luoyang, situated on both banks of the Yi River about 13 kilometers (about 8 miles) from the downtown. The two hills face each other with the Yi River flowing in between. The largest of the grottoes Buddhist sculptures stands 56 feet tall.
Temple of the White Horse
Temple of the White Horse was founded in the year 68, the eleventh year of the reign of Emperor Yongping of the Eastern Han Dynasty. The Temple of the White Horse has been known as China’s first temple since the introduction of Buddhism. The current temple was rebuilt during the Ming and Qing dynasties. The temple has some 100 halls and chambers and is located 7.4 miles east of Luoyang with its back against Mt. Mang and its front facing the Luoshui River.
Lord Guan’s Forest
Lord Guan’s Forest is also known as Emperor Guan’s Temple. It is said that the head of General Guan Yu of the Kingdom of Shu was buried here after he was murdered and decapitated by two traitors. There are more than 1,000 ancient cypress trees here.
The Museum of Ancient Tombs
The Museum of Ancient Tombs is the first of its kind in China, with distinctive scholastic and artistic elements. It displays 22 restored ancient tombs from the Han to Northern Song Dynasty.
The ruins of the Shang capital, the Luoyang Museum, Peony Garden, and the Tomb of Bai Juyi, a famous Tang poet
Following is a list of all the cities:
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