Urumqi, capital of the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, is located on the banks of the Urumqi River at the northern foot of Tianshan Mountain. For over two thousand years, many different minorities, who herded sheep and cattle, pastured the area around Urumqi. It was an important city along the ancient Silk Road, and is now an important city along China’s northwestern border. It has rich tourist resources. The Urumqi Airport is the center of transportation in northwestern China.
Tianchi Lake is about 62 miles from Urumqi. The 1.8 square mile Tianchi Lake is located at the foot of Tianshan Mountain and is an ideal resort in the summer and an ideal place for alpine skiing in winter. This beautiful lake is one of the famous scenic spots in Xinjiang.
Baiyanggou, a summer resort and tourist attraction on the southern outskirts of Urumqi, has a vast pastureland and a waterfall dropping 131 feet. Visitors can enjoy various local sports such as horse racing.
An ancient city, 6.2 miles to the west of Turpan, Yarkhoto used to be the capital of Yarkhoto Prefecture of Gaochang, a kingdom that existed during the period from the 16th Kingdoms to the Northern Dynasties. After the year 640 of the Tang Dynasty, it served as the seat of Yarkhoto County before it gradually declined and sank into oblivion.
Covering an area of 2 million square meters (about 494 acres) and set 25 miles southeast of Turpan, the ancient city of Gaochang used to be a political, economic, and cultural center in northwest China as well as an important city along the Silk Road.
The Flaming Mountain rises to a height of 1,640 feet in the central north of the Turpan Basin. It is 62 miles in length and 6.2 miles in width. Under the scorching sun, its red sandstone slopes look hot and fiery as if in flames.
The Grape Gully is a 4.9 mile-long, 0.3 mile-wide valley, east of Turpan. Grapes and other fruits are planted here.
Following is a list of all the cities:
The Silk Road