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Fact Sheet

Full Name: The People’s Republic of China (中华人民共和国)

State System: Socialist State

Location: East of Eurasia, Pacific West Bank

Land Area: 9,600,000 square kilometers

Capital: Beijing

National Day: October 1st

National Anthem: March of the Volunteers

Country Code: CHN

Official Language: Mandarin

Currency: Renminbi (RMB)

Time Zone: UTC+8

Political System: The System of People’s Congress

State President: Xi Jinping

Party in Power: Chinese Communist Party

Population Size: 1,354,040,000 (2012)

Number of Nationalities: 56

Major Nationality: the Han nationality

Major Religions: Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism, Christian

Per Capita GDP: $6170.70 U.S dollars (2012)

International Area Code: +86

Good Reputations: state of ceremonies, the nation of porcelains, the nation of silk

National Flag: the Five-Starred Red Flag

National Emblem: Tian’anmen (the Gate of Heavenly Peace) under five stars, encircled 

by ears of grain, with a gear wheel below.

National Animal: Giant Pandas

The Largest Island: Taiwan Island

Neighboring Countries: Korea, Russia, Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, 

Afghanistan, Pakistan, Laos, Burma, Vietnam, Nepal, India

Climate: monsoon characteristics, obvious continental climate, various climate types

Municipalities Directly Under the Central Government: Beijing, Shanghai, Tianjin, Chongqing

Autonomous Regions: Inner Mongolia, Ningxia Hui, Xinjiang Uygur, Tibet, Guangxi Zhuang

Special Administrative Region: Hong Kong, Macao

Traditional Festivals: Spring Festival, New Year’s Day, Lantern Festival, National Day, Dragon Boat Festival, Mid-Autumn Festival, Tomb-Sweeping Festival


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China in the News Archives