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History

China, with a recorded history of 5,000 years, was one of the world’s earliest civilizations. China was one of the countries where economic activity first developed. As early as 5,000 to 6,000 years ago, people in the Yellow River valley had already started farming and raising livestock. In the 21st century B.C., China established a slave society with the founding of the Xia Dynasty, thereby writing a finale to long years of primitive society.

In 221 B.C., Qin Shihuang established China’s first centralized autocracy, the Qin Dynasty, thereby ushering Chinese history into feudalism, which endured in a succession of dynasties until the Opium War of 1840.

The Bourgeois Democratic Revolution of 1911 led by Sun Yat-sen toppled the rule of the Qing Dynasty, putting an end to more than 2,000 years of feudal monarchical system.

The People’s Republic of China was founded on October 1st, 1949. Today, China is implementing reform and open polices, and has established a socialist market economy.

Brief Chinese Chronology

Xia Dynasty 21st century BC-16th century BC
Shang Dynasty 16th century BC-1066 BC
Zhou Dynasty: Western Zhou 1066 BC-771 BC
Eastern Zhou 770 BC-476 BC
Spring and Autumn 770 BC-221 BC
Qin Dynasty 221 BC-206 BC
Han Dynasty: Western Han Dynasty 206 BC-23 AD
Eastern Han Dynasty 25-220
The Three Kingdoms: Wei 220-265
Shu Han 221-263
Wu 222-280
Western Jin 265-316
Eastern Jin 317-420
Southern and Northern Dynasty:
Southern Dynasty 420-589
Northern Dynasty 386-581
Sui Dynasty 581-618
Tang Dynasty 618-907
The Five Dynasties 907-960
Sung Dynasty: Northern Sung 960-1127
Southern Sung 1127-1279
Liao Dynasty 907-1125
Western Xia Dynasty 1032-1227
Jin Dynasty 1115-1234
Yuan Dynasty 1271-1368
Ming Dynasty 1368-1644
Qing Dynasty 1644-1911
Republic of China (Guo Ming Dang) 1912-1949
The People’s Republic of China 1949-the present

Religion

China is a multi-religious country, where Taoism, Buddhism, Islam and Christianity are practiced. Freedom of belief is a government policy, and normal religious activities are protected by the constitution.

News


  • 02/03/2017 CNTO & Partners Participate in New York Times Travel Show...Read More
  • 01/26/2017 Paper-cuttings welcome New Year...Read More
  • 01/26/2017 Food insider: The Spring Festival dish on every Cantonese table...Read More
  • 01/26/2017 Harbin welcomes New Year with snow and ice...Read More
  • 01/20/2017 2017 Chinese Lunar New Year Reception and Tourism Promotion in Philadelphia...Read More
  • 01/18/2017 600-year-old Buddha Emerges from Reservoir in Jiangxi Province...Read More
  • 01/12/2017 Silk Road in Times Square 2017 New Year’s Eve Countdown...Read More
  • 01/12/2017 China Eastern Airlines Transports 100 Millionth Passenger...Read More
  • 01/12/2017 Travelport Signs Expanded Contract with China Southern Airlines...Read More
  • 01/12/2017 World’s Highest Bridge Opens to Traffic in Remote China...Read More
China in the News Archives