China Fact Sheet

Official name: The People’s Republic of China
Population: 1.3+ billlion
Capital city: Beijing
Largest city: Shanghai (population: 23+ million)
Provinces: 23
Size: 3.7 million square miles

Main Attractions

• Great Wall
• Forbidden City (Beijing)
• Temple of Heaven (Beijing)
• Terra Cotta Warriors (Xi’an)
• Yangtze River
• Click here [http://www.cnto.org/about-us/world-heritage-sites/] to learn about 43 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in China
• Click here [http://www.cnto.org/plan-your-trip-to-china/regional-destinations/] to learn more about the regional destinations for tourism within China

Transportation

• Airports with direct flights from the U.S. include Beijing (PEK), Shanghai (PVG), and Guangzhou (CAN).
• In 2012, the Chinese government began a US$250 billion five-year project to expand and modernize domestic air travel.
• Managed by the National Trunk Highway System (NTHS), China’s expressways have a total length of 53,000 miles.
• China has the world’s longest high-speed rail network, with more than 6,012 miles of service routes. Of these, 2,184 miles are served by trains with top speeds in excess of 190 mph. China plans to operate more than 9,900 miles of high-speed rail lines by 2020.

Accommodations

• Over the past ten years, new hotels and resorts in China have been growing at a rate of nearly 10% annually
• As of 2011, there are 11,676 star-rated hotels in China
• 615 5-star hotels
• 2,148 4-star hotels
• 5,473 3-star hotels
• Overall, star-rated hotels in China offer nearly 1.5 million rooms

Currency & Payments

• The currency in China is the Yuan Renminbi (CNY), which is currently exchanged at the rate of 6.2 to one U.S. dollar.
• Major credit cards accepted at hotels and most shops and restaurants.

Geography

• China’s land drops off in the escarpments eastward to the ocean, letting in humid air currents and leading many rivers eastward.
• Among the rivers totaling 136,700 miles in length in China, the Yangtze and the Yellow are the two major ones.
• China has a diversity of land formations including mountains, hills, highlands, plains and basins.
• The highlands and hill regions account for 65 percent of the country’s land mass.
• The highest mountain peak is Qomolangma (Everest), 29,028 feet above sea level.
• The lowest point is the Turpan Basin, 505 feet below sea level.

History

• China, with a recorded history of 5,000 years, was one of the world’s earliest civilizations. China was one of the countries where economic activity first developed. As early as 5,000 to 6,000 years ago, people in the Yellow River valley had already started farming and raising livestock. In the 21st century B.C., China established a slave society with the founding of the Xia Dynasty, thereby writing a finale to long years of primitive society.
• In 221 B.C., Qin Shihuang established China’s first centralized autocracy, the Qin Dynasty, thereby ushering Chinese history into feudalism, which endured in a succession of dynasties until the Opium War of 1840.
• The Bourgeois Democratic Revolution of 1911 led by Sun Yat-sen toppled the rule of the Qing Dynasty, putting an end to more than 2,000 years of feudal monarchical system.
• The People’s Republic of China was founded on October 1st, 1949. Today, China is implementing reform and open polices, and has established a socialist market economy.


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