The Mogao Grottoes have more than 700 caves, 492 of which hold more than 2,000 painted sculptures and murals. They are the largest, oldest and best preserved Buddhist ruins with the richest contents in the world and are included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Echoing-Sand Mountain is the accumulation of years of sand in the desert. Each time the wind blows, there is a sound from the mountain and when there is a breeze, the sound is like musical instruments – the mountain gets its name from this phenomenon.
Clear and beautiful, Crescent Lake is nestled in the Echoing-Sand Mountain in the desert. The lake is crescent-shaped and surrounded by quicksand. Although it gets quite windy, the lake has never been covered by the sand. It’s really a marvelous spectacle in the desert.
The Yangguan Pass is the gateway to the south western region on the way to the Silk Road. Together with the Yumenguan Pass, it witnessed the prosperity of the Silk Road times past. Today, the beacon tower is all that remains of the Pass. Near the Yangguan Pass is Nanhu, a local grape producing area and Grape Gallery. Tourists can sit on the stone benches, sample sweet grapes and wander through the gallery to learn about local folk-customs.
Originally known as the Small Square City, the Great Wall Yumenguan Pass, together with Yangguan Pass, is one of the two important passes on the western frontier of the Han Dynasty (206 BC – 220) lands. It is located 56 miles northwest to Dunhuang City, at the western end of Hexi Corridor. In ancient times, it was the crucial gateway from central China to the western regions. Climbing to the top of the pass, you can see the relics of the Great Wall and beacon towers scattered sparsely in the desert, creating an atmosphere that recalls the past.