Hunan Province is located in the region south of the Yangtze River. Being China’s southeast hinterland, Hunan has a vast territory that goes by many nicknames. It has become famous, in part, because of the bodies of water in proximity to it. Hunan is also located to the south of the Dongting Lake, and is sometimes referred to as “Xiang” as in the Xiangjiang River, which is the largest in Hunan Province. It is also known as the “Land of Hibiscus” due to a vast expanse of hibiscus that have been planted there since ancient times – most of the hibiscus was planted in the local basins of the Xiangjiang Region. Tan Yongzhi, a poet in the Tang Dynasty, highly praised Hunan as a “beauty land of hibiscus with mild autumn wind.”
As a famous “Land of Abundance”, Hunan has rich natural resources, so much so that Chinese people say “the harvest of Hunan and Guangdong is enough to feed a hungry world”. Hunan has a large number of attractions, including Yueyang Tower, Dongting Lake, Yuelu Academy, Han Tombs at Mawangdui, Yandi Mausoleum, Pavilion of Heaven’s Center, Phoenix Old City, Orange Isle, Mao Zedong’s Former Residence (Shaoshan) and so on.
Lastly, this picturesque province has had a tremendous impact on China’s modern and contemporary history, breeding a number of historically important statesmen, including Mao Zedong, Liu Shaoqi, Cai E, Tan Sitong and Zeng Guofan.