Confucius Temple and Qinhuai River Scenic Area
The Qinhuai River symbolically embodies the ancient culture of Jinling (now present day Nanjing), and occupying a lively stretch of it is the Confucius Temple which includes temple buildings, gardens, schools, streets, civil residences and other scenic spots with historical and cultural relevance dating back more than 2,000 years in Nanjing. Notable are the Zhonghua City-Gate, recognized as the biggest and best preserved defense enclosure in the world, and Zhanyuan Garden, which is considered the foremost garden in the Ming Dynasty. Because of its long history and fame, boating on the Qinhuai River, has become a special activity for tourists looking to take a water cruise tour of the city.
Dr. Sun Yat-sen’s Mausoleum
Known as the father of the Rebublic of China, Dr. Sun Yat-sen (1866-1925) was a chief advocate of the Chinese democratic revolution and led the Chinese to bring down the corrupt rule of the Qing Dynasty, ending 2,000 years of the feudal monarchy system. The majestic mausoleum covers more than 80,000 square meters (about 20 acres) and is located in the Purple Mountain Scenic Area in the east suburb of Nanjing City. Completed in 1929, the mausoleum is considered sacred by the Chinese.
Zhonghua City – Gate
Originally called Jubao Gate, meaning treasure gate, when it was built in the Ming Dynasty, the gate was the best in scale and quality, and of a kind rarely seen in the history of city construction. The gate was built with limestone, tung oil, and glutinous rice as adhesives. In 1931, its name was changed to Zhonghua City-Gate.
Zhanyuan is one of five famous gardens in the area to the south of the Yangtze River. It is the only museum that specializes in the history of Taiping Heavenly Kingdom in China and the center for collecting and exhibiting data based on it through the Museum on the History of Taiping Heavenly Kingdom. Zhanyuan Garden is especially famous for its pond, halls, and rock garden ordered by an emperor in the Song Dynasty.
Festivals & Celebration
Jinling Lantern Festival
Depending on the lunar calendar, the Jinling Lantern Festival is held each year from January 1st -15th. The festival takes place in an area near the Confucius Temple, starting from the Spring Festival. On the 15th day of the first lunar month of the year both banks of the Qinhuai River are closed and decorated with colorful lanterns as crowds of people celebrate.
Nanjing International Plum Blossom Festival
This festival celebrates the plum blossom which is Nanjing’s city flower. The festival takes place annually – on February to March – at the Plum Blossom Hill located in the Zhongshan Mountain Scenic Area, attracting millions of visitors from China and abroad.