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Shandong Province is abbreviated as “Lu”, and its name refers to the province’s location to the east of the Taihang Mountains. The province is located on the eastern coastal areas of China and in the lower reaches of the Yellow River and borders the Yellow Sea to the east, and the Bohai Sea to the north.

Shandong has a population of over 94 million people. As the main origin of Eastern Yi culture (created by Eastern Yi people in pre-Qin period), Shandong is also the birthplace of Qi & Lu culture.  The history of Shandong can be traced back to 400,000 or 500,000 years ago when the earliest Shandong people – the “Yiyuan People” lived. The Beixin culture (5300-4100 BC) developed 7,000 years ago was earlier than the Neolithic Age (4500 and 2000 BC) in Tengxian.

Shandong is also one of the origins of Chinese ceramics and silk. There appear a great number of prominent persons influential to the Chinese culture in the history of Shandong, such as Confucius, the great ideologist, educator, and politician (551-479 BC) who is the backbone of Chinese culture; and master militarist and author of Art of War, Sun Tzu (551-479 BC) in ancient China whose book is a military and business classic in China and abroad. Other extraordinary people include Mencius, Motse, Xuncius, Zhuang Zhou, Guan Zhong, Wang Hsi-Chih, and so on. Through their thinking, theories, wisdom and academic achievements they have all exerted significant influence over the development of Chinese culture.

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