As an important strategic locale in the ancient Silk Road and the gathering place of historic East-West exchanges, Urumqi is home to numerous cultural relics and historic treasures.
The body of the mountain, made up of aubergine rock, has a reddish brown color, hence its name.†It is 1.5 km (0.93 miles) long and 1 km (0.62 miles) wide from east to west. Red Hill is a culture and historic symbol of Urumqi. Historical sites on the hill include the Temple of the Jade Emperor and the Temple of the Great Buddha built in the Qing Dynasty (1644 – 1911). These temples attracted swarms of visitors and made the hill a holy place where worshipers conducted religious ceremonies.
Heavenly Lake in the Tianshan Mountains
The Heavenly Lake Scenic Zone is a natural alpine lake, with an elevation of 1,980 m, located about 110 km west of Urumqi. The beautiful lake is surrounded by mountains covered by dragon spruce and pine trees, green grass, wild flowers earning it another name, Bright Pearl in the Tianshan Mountains. Southeast of the lake is the monumental Bogda Peak which means sacred mountain in Mongolian) and has an elevation of 5,445 m. The main peak is linked with two lesser peaks on the right and left sides, respectively. The mountain peaks are covered with ice and snow year-round, forming a striking contrast with Heavenly Lake.
Shuimo Gully Scenic Area
The Shuimo Gully Scenic Area is a great attraction for visitors for many reasons. Uppermost is the fact that the area is filled with ancient trees and springs alongside ancient temples, pavilions and terraces. And in the gully is a famous hot spring, with a temperature of 28∞C-30∞C throughout the year. The spring water contains beneficial elements, such as potassium, sodium, magnesium, potassium nitrate, radon and zinc, which can help cure arthritis and skin diseases, and can serve as potable mineral water. In 1952 the Hot Spring Massage and Physiotherapy Hospital was established here, with advanced equipment imported from Japan. The past years has seen a large number of people from all over the country come here to recuperate.
Screen Wall Mountain Scenic Area
This scenic area is located in Banfanggou Township in the gorge of Karawucheng Mountain, over 80 km south of the city. Here, tourists can find a vast expanse of grassland and dense forests, and the roaring Tongtian River.
Xinjiang Regional Museum
Built in 1953, Xinjiang Regional Museum displays archaeological treasures from the Silk Road, including silk, pottery, porcelain, Terracotta figures, weapons, scriptures, even some mummies discovered in the desert. In addition, articles from various ethnic groups in the region are featured here. These include clothing, household utensils, handicrafts, hunting tools, and musical instruments, as well as various yurts and Uygur house.