Xi’an City Wall surrounds the square inner city. It is the most complete city wall to survive over time in the country, as well as one of the largest ancient military defense systems in the world. It was built in the early Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) and renovated in recent years.
Museum of Qin Emperor Qin Shihuang’s Terracotta Warriors and Horses are the most significant archaeological excavations of the 20th century and one of the major historical and cultural landmarks of China. Named for Emperor Qin Shi Huang, who ascended the throne at the age of 13 (in 246 BC), life size terracotta figures of warriors and horses arranged in battle formations are the star features at the museum. They are replicas of what the imperial guard would have looked like in times past. Over 7,000 pottery soldiers, horses, chariots, and even weapons have been unearthed from these pits incredibly, most of them have been restored to their former grandeur.
Bell Tower is possibly the best-preserved one in China. Once upon a time, guards stood here, looking out at the surrounding countryside, watching for invaders. Today it remains no less important, marking the geographical center of the city.
Big Wild Goose Pagoda (Dayan Ta) and Da Ci’en Temple originally built by a Tang Emperor to honor his mother, the Da Ci’en is the place where millions of historical rarities are housed.
Drum Tower is the ancient tower which holds a total of 24 drums, corresponding to the 24 solar terms the Chinese used back then to mark time. Not a single iron was used in the erection of the grand structure, first built in the 14th century and reconstructed 300 years later. The tower holds a panoramic view of the city and hosts performances every other hour daily.
Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor was commissioned by China’s first emperor, Qin Shi Huang, whose greater-than-life ambition also gave birth to the creation of the Great Wall. He amassed battalions of life-sized warriors fashioned out of clay, complete with chariots and horses for his mausoleum. Each soldier has a unique expression, making this an artistic undertaking that required the labor of 720,000 men. Even after more than 2,200 years (it was completed in 210 BC), the warriors remain in impeccable condition.
Tang Paradise is located in the Qujiang Resort, southeast of Xi’an City, Shaanxi Province. It covers a total area of 1000 mu (about 165 acres) and of which 300 mu (about 49 acres) is water, it is probably the biggest cultural theme park in the northwest region of China but also the first royal-garden-like park to provide full display of the Tang Dynasty’s (618-907) culture.
Shaanxi History Museum ranks at the top of museums in China. It is home to a collection of more than 370,000 pieces of precious cultural relics. Among the treasures are mural paintings collected from about 20 tombs of Tang Dynasty. It was completed and opened to the public in 1991.
Banpo Museum is located in the eastern outskirt of Xian City, Shaanxi Province. As the first museum at the prehistoric site, it was built at the base of the excavations of the Banpo site, a typical Neolithic matriarchal community of the Yangshao Culture dating back about 6,000 years. The Banpo Matriarchal Clan Community Village is an extension of the museum and sheds light on the long and splendid history of China.