China has a long and glorious history in arts and traditional crafts that represent the nation’s love of beauty. Chinese master artisans handed down their knowledge and skills to the next generation, which preserved the older methods, and made them unique to the Chinese culture.
The areas that represent Chinese culture include:
Bronze Vessels were invented over 5,000 years ago and were intricately decorated with a diverse range of designs and motifs. Bronze was used to make musical instruments, ceremonial offerings and weapons of war.
China Calligraphy is a highly stylized form of writing and was developed and improved by eminent calligraphers throughout Chinese history. The tools of calligraphy: writing brush, ink stick, paper, and ink slab, are the “four treasures of study” and are indispensable for calligraphers.
Chinese Cloisonné is enamel artwork that is bright and vivid – and favors the the color blue. It is renowned for its use of high-quality material and requires a complex manufacturing process.
Chinese Jade symbolizes merit, grace, and dignity and occupies a special position in Chinese society. For more than 4,000 years it has been used to decorate rooms, and is worn as jewelry by people hoping for a blessing.
Chinese Embroidery originated in the Shang Dynasty (16th – 11th century BC), and now has four major traditional styles: Su, Shu, Xiang, and Yue. Ethnic minority groups such as the Bai, Bouyei and Miao are widely known for their expertise in this area.
Folk Toys possess represent a combination of artistic appreciation and playful enjoyment. These toys are endowed with numerous meanings that express wishes for a happy and content life.
Chinese Kites are constructed of paper and bamboo which are formed into shapes such as swallows, centipedes, butterflies, and other animals. A kite makers’ skill is reflected in the kite’s flexible flying movement, along with how it is painted.
Lacquer Ware first appeared about 7,000 years ago with the primary colors being black and red. Appearing in many different forms – from bowls to paintings – lacquer ware is known for its beauty and durability.
Chinese Lanterns symbolize the country’s extensive festival culture. With a long history and interesting traditions behind them, lanterns add a festive look to any occasion.
China Music began some 7,000 to 8,000 years ago. Different dynasties invented unique melodies that were played with traditional instruments.
Chinese Opera is recognized as one of the three oldest dramatic art forms in the world. It combines music, art, and literature and is characterized by unique facial makeup and outstanding acrobatics.
Chinese Painting is divided into figures, landscapes, and birds and flowers. Each type has its own distinctive characteristics.
Paper-Cuttings feature patterns such as monkeys, flowers, and figures and are produced by female rural artisans. These cuttings are displayed to express the hopes and wishes of a buildings’ inhabitants.
Chinese Porcelain began with the Shang Dynasty and is characterized by fine textures, bright colors, and distinctive shapes and styles. Jingdezhen, located in Jiangxi Province, is the Porcelain Capital of the world.
Chinese Pottery has been around for 8,000 years and is regarded as mankind’s oldest artwork. The accomplishments in pottery works include the Terra Cotta Warriors, in Xian, Shaanxi Province, and the Tricolor Glazed pottery of the Tang Dynasty.
China Seals are made of metal, jade, animal tooth or horn and are decorated with calligraphy and engravings.
Shadow Puppetry encompasses shadow play and theatrical property. The vivid shadow puppets, including the figures and scenes, are made from leather. Skilled artists operating the puppets project shadows onto a white screen.
China Silk: A silkworm produces 3,280 feet of silk thread in 28-day lifespan. Major local silk products in China include Shu, Yun, Song Brocade and brocades produced by ethnic minorities such as the Zhuang and the Dong people.
Residential areas in China are equipped with fitness clubs, bowling rooms, and swimming pools. Hotels often have bowling rooms, billiard rooms, gymnasiums, closed-circuit television and satellite TV. Singing and dancing halls, nightclubs, bars, and KTVs are often open all night.
Suburban areas have amusement parks, holiday villages, folk culture villages, safari parks, ecological parks, botanical gardens, and angling areas. Tourists who are seeking a healthy experience can visit herbalists, acupuncturists, sauna and physiotherapy centers, blind massage centers, and drug-dip bath treatments.
Extreme sports events in China include clubs for slip boards, wheelbarrows, bungee jumping, and paragliding. Gymnasiums and sports centers hold football, basketball, table tennis, badminton, and track and field tournaments.
In the large-medium cities throughout China, cultural institutions such as concert halls and theatres have been built to host Sino-foreign national concerts, symphony concerts, song and dance and drama, ballet and acrobatics.
Opera is highly popular in China, and can be found throughout the country in many different forms, some of which concentrate on dramatic performances. The Beijing opera is regarded as the quintessence of Chinese opera.
Cinemas screen famous foreign movies, and popular Chinese movies. Large cities have museums and artistic centers for exhibitions of culture relics, photographs, paintings, and artwork.
Municipal and district level cultural areas have been established for children and feature calligraphy, painting, photograph, music, dance, Chinese martial arts, model air plane, sculpture, and other cultural activities.