The world wide web is awash with not-so-helpful essay writing advice, making it tricky for students to get the advice they require when writing essays. So our experts that are academic written the following advice for you yourself to utilise before and whilst crafting your essay, to make sure your writing hits the mark.
This might, during the face of it, sound like somewhat banal advice – but simple fact is that failing to properly comprehend the question set is regarded as, if not the most typical reason behind a disappointing grade when it comes to essay writing. Have you been being asked to critically evaluate something? Compare and contrast? Analyse a circumstance that is particular? Evaluate the usefulness of a concept that is particular?
They are some of the common phrases present in essay questions, and each indicates a different set of expectations. You have to gain an understanding not only of said theory, but also other common approaches if you are asked to critically evaluate a particular theoretical approach, for instance. They must all be weighed against one another, highlighting the relative strengths and weaknesses of each theory and, importantly, you have to arrived at a well-justified and conclusion that is confident. Is the theory good? What exactly are its flaws? How can it is improved?
You don’t necessarily need to go into as much critical depth if you are asked to evaluate the usefulness of something, however. Yes, you should still acknowledge alternative approaches, and yes, you should still note some strengths and weaknesses – however the almost all the job must emphasise the concepts practical usefulness. Possibly the best approach is to locate one, or a few, case studies where the theory has been utilized – that which was the end result of this? Does the effective use of the theory reveal any particular shortcomings, or strengths?
“Compare and contrast” essays, meanwhile, are essentially a hybrid of the above – you’ll want to take a vital approach and assess the literature, but your focus has got to remain solidly regarding the theories which you have been asked to compare and contrast. It’s important to show that you understand both (or all) core theories in great depth, both on a applied and theoretical level.
In essence, the wording of this essay question shall tell you how the essay should really be written. It will indicate where in actuality the focus of one’s essay should lie as you research and write.
Knowing the real question is the first step, however it is equally important that you make efficient utilization of the available time. Students often underestimate the level of work required to write a beneficial essay, which leads to a few things: (1) late nights at the library, and (2) a grade that is disappointing. You should start planning your essay the moment you receive the essay question if you want to achieve a good mark. The following table might be a aid that is useful
|Understand the question||(Insert date)|
|Map the essay chapters||(Insert date)|
|Collect articles||(Insert date)|
|Read and take notes||(Insert date)|
|Start writing||(Insert date)|
|Finish draft that is firstInsert date)|
|Hand in||(Insert date)|
By setting deadlines for yourself and committing to stay to them, you may be making certain you won’t be left with too much work right before your hand-in date. It is also essential that you leave time, ideally a couple of days, between finishing your first draft and proofreading.
Perfect theories and academic approaches are rare – the clear greater part of theories, arguments, and studies have flaws. Being descriptive is fine if you should be looking to scrape a pass, but for a higher grade you ought to show you are able to leverage critical reasoning in your working with academic materials. Do you know the limitations of this theories you may be drawing on? How have these been dealt with into the literature? Just how can they impact the quality of arguments presented, and also to what extent do they limit our knowledge of what you are actually studying? What alternate explanations might offer depth that is additional?
Critical thinking is what will make your essay stand out. It shows the marker that you’re not simply repeating the arguments which were fed to you throughout your studies, but actually engaging with theories in an academic manner. A good way to practice this is to pay careful attention when reading literature reviews in published articles – you will find that authors don’t simply summarise previous studies, but offer a critique ultimately causing a gap for their own research.
Structure, focus and flow
Itself, which is why it is imperative that your essay follows a logical structure how you present your argument is nearly as important as the argument custom essay on any topic. A vintage word of advice would be to “tell them what you are actually planning to inform them, then let them know, and tell them everything you told them” – this, in essence, summarises the core introduction, main body, and conclusion structure of your essay.
Having a definite and structure that is logical help ensure that your essay stays focused, and does not stray through the question being answered. Each section, paragraph, and sentence should add value to the argument you are presenting. As you are writing, it is good to take a step back and ask yourself “what value performs this sentence/section add? So how exactly does it link to my argument that is overarching?” That you can’t answer that question, there is a high risk that you have strayed from your core argument, and you may want to reconsider the path you are taking if you find.
It’s also advisable to make sure that all of the different parts of your essay fit together as a cohesive and whole that is logical and that the transition from a single argument to a higher is fluid. Students often treat essays as lists of arguments, presenting one after the other with little consideration for the way they fit together, which inevitably leads to a reduced grade. Be sure to tell your reader why you are transitioning in one argument to a higher, why they’ve been in this particular order, and just how each argument helps shed light on a specific element of what you are actually discussing.
Whether you should read the article as a whole if you are still not a hundred percent sure, it is usually a good idea to skip to the conclusion – this usually contains a detailed summary of the study, which will help determine. You don’t want to spend time reading through and endless amount of articles just to find that they aren’t actually relevant. Once you’ve identified a couple of solid articles, you need to (a) proceed through their bibliographies and pay attention to who they are citing, as they articles will likely be of value for your own research; and (b) check into Google Scholar to see who has cited them. To achieve this, simply input the name associated with article in the search bar and hit enter. Within the results, click “cited by” – this may return a summary of every one of the articles which have cited the publication you sought out.
It’s important that you haven’t engaged with the wider literature that you don’t rely too heavily on one or a couple of texts, as this indicates to the marker. You ought to be particularly careful in making use of course books (i.e. “introduction to management” and so on), as these are essentially summaries of other people’s work.
Quoting, paraphrasing and plagiarism
Academic writing requires a careful balance between novel argument, and drawing on arguments presented by others. Writing a completely ‘novel’ essay, without drawing for a passing fancy source, indicates which you haven’t made yourself familiar with what had been published; citing someone for every single point made shows that you haven’t produced a novel argument. As such, it is important you are making a statement of fact, or drawing on arguments, frameworks, and theories presented by other academics that you provide evidence (a credible citation) when. These, in turn, should support the overarching novel argument that you yourself are making.