The Cultural Landscape of Honghe Hani Rice Terraces covers 16,603-hectares in Southern Yunnan. Itís marked by spectacular terraces that cascade down the slopes of the towering Ailao Mountains to the banks of the Hong River.
Over the past 1,300 years, the Hani people who live in 82 villages situated between the mountaintop forests and the terraces, have developed a complex system of channels to bring water from the forested mountaintops to the terraces. They have also created an integrated farming system that involves buffalos, cattle, ducks, fish and eel and supports the production of red rice, the areaís primary crop. The inhabitants worship the sun, moon, mountains, rivers, forests and other natural phenomena including fire.
The villages feature traditional thatched ìmushroomî houses. The resilient land management system of the rice terraces demonstrates extraordinary harmony between people and their environment, both visually and ecologically, based on exceptional and long-standing social and religious structures.
Date of Inscription: 2013